Afzelia borneensis Harms
Ipil darat (Malaysia); Afzelia
Pahudia borneensis (Harmas) Mess; Afzelia latifolia Meijer Drees; Afzelia borneensis Warb; Afzelia beccarii Warb
It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall. The bole is up to 80 cm in diameter. The buttresses are thin and steep.
It is mainly distributed in Sabah and Sarawak.
Wood diffuse porous. Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Axial parenchyma lozenge-aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. Rays and/or axial elements irregularly storied. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-I). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is red to red brown, clearly demarcated from the grey white sapwood.
The grain is straight or interlocked.
This species is reported to have a fine to medium texture.
Wood of this species is reported to present a high luster.
This species is considered to be very durable.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is rated as good with little or no checking and warping. Boards of 13 mm thick take 2 months and of 38 mm thick take 3 months to air dry.
It is moderately difficult to work, but easy in comparison with other high-density woods.
It has a good finishing.
HOUSING GENERAL, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, luxury furniture, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, TOOLS, tool handles, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS