Gallesia integrifolia (Spreng.) Harms
Palo Cebolla (Peru); Guararema (Brazil); Ajo ajo (Bolivia); Ajo (Peru); Pau D`Alho (Brazil); Garlic Wood
Thouinia integrifolia Spreng; Gallesia gorazema (Vell.) Moq.; Crataeva gorarema Vell.
It is a large tree, it attains heights from 15 to 30 m, with a diameter at breast height between 70 to 140 cm. Occasionally the diameter reaches 150 cm.
In Bolivia, Gallesia integrifolia is reported in subtropical montane forests, from 200 up to 1,300 m of altitude. It prefers dry lands.
In Brazil this species is reported to be common in the forests of the Parana basin.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Tyloses common. Occasionally vessels per mm2 more than 20. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervess Axial parenchyma apparent with the naked eye. Occasionally paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma in thick bands. Prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. Styloids and/or elongate crystals in axial parench 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays of two distinct sizes. Occasionally larger rays width 0. 1 mm or more and 2 mm or more in height. Rays 1 to 2 seriate. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Occasionally prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Heterogeneous rays and/or
It is reported to have a strong garlic-like smell.
The sapwood is white yellowish, the heartwood gradually changes into dark yellow.
The grain is usually straight or interlocked.
The texture of the wood is fine.
It is reported to be moderate in luster.
D. integrifolia is reported to be prone to biological attack.
It has a high absorption of oil and water based preservative substances.
Ease of Drying: It is reported to be easy to moderately difficult to dry. Drying Defects: It has a tendency to twist. In Peru risk of checking is reported.
Sawing of this species is easy.
Planing operations are rather easy.
Sanding of this species is reportedly easy.
Finishing of this wood is rated as fair.
HOUSING GENERAL, boards, shutter boards, TURNING, PACKING