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Aphananthe philippinensis Planch.
Tulipwood; Rough leaved hickory; Native elm; Mallban; Mail; Grey handlewood; Elm; Axe handle wood; Asbestos ash; Alasiis; Alaisiis (Philippines)
It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall. The bole is up to 60 cm in diameter. It often presents buttresses up to 1 m high and spreading up to 2 m, or bole fluted at base.
It is often found in semideciduous gallery forests and eucalyptus forests.
It occurs in Queensland up to Innisfail in jungle-type coastal forests. It is also found in Papua New Guinea and the Philippines.
Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Intervessel pi Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Two cells per parenchyma strand. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Axial parenchyma bands more than 3 cells wide 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in radial alignment in procumbent ray cells (chambered cells). Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II) Fibers very thick walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The sapwood is white, heartwood is creamy-white or faintly gray with a tinge of pale brown.
The grain is usually straight, but Philippine stock is mainly cross-grained.
Fine to medium texture is reported in this species.
It is durable for interior use, but slightly durable to non-durable when exposed to the weather or in contact with the ground. It is prone to termite and marine borer attack.
This species is reported to be difficult to finish.
The wood resembles hickory.
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