Brosimum guianense (Aubl.) Huber
Letterhoot (Surinam); Letterwood (Belize); Pau-Tartaruba (Brazil); Muirapinima (Brazil); Garrote (Brazil); Amapá-Doce (Brazil); Almesclão (Brazil)
Piratinera guianensis Aubl.; Brosimum aubletii Poepp. & Endl.; Alicastrum guianense (Aubl.) Kuntze
The tree reaches a height of up to 25 m, with diameters of 35 cm or more above the low buttresses. It has well formed boles that are often clear for about two thirds of the total height of the tree. It has abundant creamy latex.
Species in this group are reported to occur in humid, non-inundable secondary forests, from the sea level up to 1,000 m.
From Colombia and Venezuela, through Peru, Brazil and in Bolivia.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 to 150 micras (small). Occasionally tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less. Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforatio Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Axial parenchyma bands under 4 per mm. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays 1 to 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Occasionally heterogeneous rays and/or multiseriate heterogeneous rays. Body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-I). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
Odor is reported to be distinct.
The sapwood is not clearly differentiated, the heartwood is yellow when dry.
The grain is frequently straight.
This species is usually reported to have a fine texture.
This species is moderate in luster.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is not recommended. Drying Defects: Splitting and warping are reported. It is prone to blue stain. Kiln Schedules: Kiln drying is recommended to minimize degrade.
This species is difficult to saw.
This species is reported to have a poor nailing behavior. Pre-boring is required.
Finishing of this species is reportedly easy.