Machaerium scleroxylon Tul.
Ysapy`y guasu (Paraguay); Sapy`y (Brazil); Sapuy-morotí (Brazil); Isapuí (Brazil); Sapuva (Argentina); Cipó (Argentina); Caviuna (Bolivia); Palo Morado (Bolivia); Moradillo (Bolivia); Morado (Bolivia); Cabiana (Brazil); Palisander; Striped Caviuna; Caviúna (Brazil); Jacarandá Caviúna (Brazil); Jacarandá (Brazil); Brazilian Rosewood
It is a medium sized tree, it attains heights of 15 to 25 m, with a diameter at breast height of 50 to 90 cm. The bole is fluted until half of its length.
Machaerium scleroxylon is found in primary and secondary forests on well drained areas. It prefers stony, fertile clayey soils. In Bolivia it is reported in subtropical forests, up to 400 m of altitude.
It grows in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. It is abundant in the Parana basin.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Vessels per mm2 more than 20 (very abundant). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Axial parenchyma storied. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. Two cells per parenchyma strand. Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Rays storied. Rays 1 to 2 seriate. Rays exclusively uniseriate. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It is reported to have a pleasant smell.
The sapwood is clearly differentiated, it is white color, the heartwood reddish brown with darker stripes.
The grain is frequently interlocked.
This species is usually reported to have a fine texture.
Timber of this species is moderate in luster.
Machining operations are rated as easy to fair.
HOUSING GENERAL, beams, joists, boards, flooring, frames, steps, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, Decorative veneer, TURNING, ornaments, turned furniture, cutlery, BENDING, chairs, TOOLS, tool handles, agricultural tools, CONTAINERS, cooperage, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boat deck, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, guitar, yoke