Celtis philippensis Blanco
Waiam-a-hasi; Uratan; Urarag; Ulalo; Udalo; Tavasu; Takupi; Solomon Islands celtis; Sessel; Propore; Pingul; Oratan; Orarog; Mougong; Maragok; Mangongkong; Mangong; Mangdong; Malingagok; Malagabuyo; Magabuyo; Lomlomata; Lodono; Lausi; Laelae; Lae lae; Kapahalombiti; Kaju lulu; Kajoe sirih; Iangao; Hard celtis; Hanuma; Ha-adi; Gumaliel; Gotgot; Dofala; Dila-dilaan; Bulagson; Bautakate; Ai salo; Penjalinan (Indonesia); Sentok (Indonesia); Nyelepi (Sabah); Malaikmo (Philippines); Maragaoed (Philippines); Narabagsay (Philippines); Ki endong (Indonesia); Thalai khao (Thailand)
Celtis wightii Planch.; Celtis strychnoides Planch.; Celtis prantlii Priemer ex Engl.; Celtis pacifica Planch.; Celtis mauritiana Planch.; Celtis insularis Rendle; Celtis collinsae Craib
It can reach heights up to 40 m and 80 cm of diameter. The bole is usually straight and cylindrical. The buttresses are absent or up to 4.5 m high.
It is an understorey or main storey tree in primary and secondary forests, growing from the sea level up to 700 m of altitude.
It is widespread and common throughout New Guinea and Solomon Islands, and reported from Bismarck Archipelago and Moluccas.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally tangential diameter of vessel lumina 200 micras or more. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits small, 7 micras or less. Occasionally paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Occasionally axial parenchyma confluent. Occasionally prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Occasionally a Occasionally rays of two distinct sizes. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-I). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 t Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The wood has a strong fetid odor when fresh.
The heartwood is usually pale brown to pale yellow-brown, moderately distinct to indistinct from the white or pale sapwood.
The grain is usually interlocked, sometimes straight.
The texture is fine to moderately fine, sometimes moderately coarse.
The wood is readily attacked by fungi and insects when exposed to the weather or in contact with the ground.
Tension wood may occur and cause twisting and warping.
Celtis is reported to be permeable to preservatives.
It is considered to have a moderate blunting effect on the cutting elements.
It is moderately easy to work if it is free of tension wood. Sometimes difficult due to crystalline deposits, which blunt tools readily.
It usually gives a rough surface due to interlocked grain.
The wood is suitable for bent work.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, crossties, HOUSING GENERAL, boards, flooring, frames, steps, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, TURNING, BENDING, tennis rackets, TOOLS, tool handles, PACKING, CONTAINERS, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boat deck, port pillar, port storage, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, moldings