Cordia dichotoma G. Forst.
Viri; New Guinea cordia; Guma; Anonang-bakir; Kendal (Indonesia); Toleolo (Indonesia); Mandong (Thailand); Nunang (Indonesia); Nunang (Borneo); Man khok (Laos); Thanat (Myanmar); Sebasten tree (Myanmar); Cordia (Papua New Guinea); Sekendal (Malaysia); Anonang (Philippines)
Varronia sinensis Lour.
It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall. The bole is up to 60 in diameter.
Cordia dichotoma is common in coastal hills, inland fringes of mangroves and also in inland primary and secondary forests, up to 700 m of altitude.
Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 200 micras or more (large). Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Axial parenchyma lozenge-aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. Two cells per parenchyma strand. Rays less than 4 per mm (rare). Ray height more than 1 mm. Sheath cells. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is pale brown to dark brown, non distinct from the sapwood.
This species is reported to have typically straight or interlocked grain.
The texture varies from medium to coarse.
It is reported to have low durability against fungi and insects.
The heartwood is impermeable to preservatives, even when using pressure treatments.
Ease of Drying: Seasoning is rated as difficult. Drying Defects: There is a tendency to split slightly along the broad rays.
This species is easy to saw.
Wood processing is reported to be easy.
It has a good finishing.
Response to hand tools is reported to be good.
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