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EUODIA (Melicope lunu-ankenda)

Trade Name


Scientific Name

Melicope lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) T.G. Hartley



Common Names

Sempayang (Indonesia); Pauh-pauh paya (Malaysia); Uam (Thailand); Tenggek burong (Malaysia); Saam ngaam (Thailand); Tapak itek (Malaysia)

Scientific Name Synonyms

Euodia roxburghiana (Cham.) Ebnth; Euodia lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Merr.; Euodia aromatica Blume

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

Small to medium sized tree, rarely large, up to 30 m tall. The bole is straight or slightly twisted, cylindrical to slightly angular, branchless for up to 15 m and 60 cm of diameter.

Natural Habitat

Melicope trees are found scattered in primary or secondary rain forests, from the lowlands up to 1,600 m of altitude.

Non Timber Uses

Several species of Euodia contain alkaloids, coumarins and essential oils.

Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits sm Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Occasionally 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Occasionally axial parenchyma in narrow bands on lines up to 3 cells wide. Occasionally axial parenc 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Occasionally larger rays more than 4 seriate. Occasionally silica bodies in the ray cells. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers very thin walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Tangential Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section


Cites Status


General Wood Description


It has unpleasant or aromatic odor when fresh.


The heartwood is almost white or pale yellow-white to pale yellow-brown, occasionally with an orange tinge, not clearly differentiated from the sapwood.


The grain is straight or slightly interlocked.


The texture is moderately fine and even.


This wood is frequently moderate in luster.

Natural Durability

It has a low natural durability, quickly processing is recommended.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)


Resistance To Impregnation

It is easily treatable with good retention of preservative substances.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)


Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)


Drying Defects

Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is quite rapid. Boards 25 mm thick can be air dried in 2 to 2.5 months. Drying Defects: Slight bowing, twisting and some end checking are reported. Staining may also occur. In Myanmar, the wood of this species reportedly does not split during seasoning, but it is very liable to staining. Kiln Schedules: The wood can be kiln dried rapidly, but a mild kiln schedule is recommended.

Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Bending Strength (MOR),12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Stiffness (MOE) 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression perpendicular to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)


Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)



Rotary Veneer Cutting

Lamination of this species is possible.

Sliced Veneer

Lamination of this species is possible.


Machining operations are rather easy.

Response To Hand Tools

It has a good response to hand tools.


End Uses Summary

HOUSING GENERAL, panelling, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, common furniture, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, PACKING, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, shoes, matches, shingle, moldings

General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
  • 18 - W3TROPICOS Missouri Botanical Garden
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Furniture, Common
  • 23 - Handbook of Hardwoods
Panels, Veneers
  • 25 - Directory of Timber Trade Malaysia
  • 45 - Recopilación y Análisis de Estudios Tecnológicos de Maderas Peruanas
  • 66 - Maderas latinoamericanas. VII. Caracteristicas anatomicas. propiedades fisicomecanicas, de secado, y tratabilidad de la madera juvenil de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. Oken.)
  • 70 - Proprietes physiques et mecaniques des bois tropicaux de l`union francaise
  • 71 - Proprietes physiques et mecaniques des bois tropicaux, premier supplement
  • 77 - Amazonian Timbers, Characteristics and Utilization Volume I; Tapajós National Forest
  • 79 - Padronização da Nomenclatura Comercial Brasileira das Madeiras Tropicais Amazônicas, Sugestão

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