Balfourodendron riedelianum (Engl.) Engl.
Quatamba; Pequia marfim; Pao marfim; Pao liso; Moroti; Marfim; Ivorywood; Ibiranoti; Ibira-nete; Guatambu moroti; Guatambu blanco; Guatambu; Guataia; Gramixinga; Farinha-seca; Piquiá Marfim (Brazil); Pau Liso (Brazil); Guatambu Branco (Brazil); Pau Marfim (Brazil); Ivory Wood
Helietta multiflora Engl.; Esenbeckia riedeliana Engl.
The trees are reported to reach heights of 20 to 30 m, with trunk diameters ranging from 40 to 90 cm. They develop well-formed and cylindrical boles, up to one half of the height of the tree.
Balfourodendron riedelianum is a pioneer species, found in clear areas of primary forests or in secondary forests. It is known or inferred that the harvesting of specimens from the wild for international trade has, or may have, a detrimental impact on the
This species is reported to occur in Brazil, in the forests of Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul and also along the Parana basin.
Dermatitis, respiratory effects
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally vessels in diagonal and/or radial pattern. Occasionally wood semi-ring porous and/or ring porous. Vessels in radial multiples of 4 or more common. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Vessels p Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays 1 to 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It does not have a peculiar smell, but has a bitter taste.
The sapwood is non differentiated, the timber is nearly white to yellow in color, occasionally with dark streaks.
The grain is straight, sometimes interlocked.
The wood is typically fine to medium in texture.
This wood is frequently moderate in luster.
It is rated as moderately durable to non durable, it is susceptible to blue staining fungi.
The heartwood is reported to be moderately permeable, but the sapwood is treatable.
Ease of Drying: This species is reported to be easy to dry, sometimes end checking can occur. Drying Defects: Slight risk of warping and checking. Casehardening is reported when drying thick pieces over 50 mm.
Sawing of this species is easy.
The wood has a slight blunting effect.
This species is easy to machine.
This species is easy to plane.
Tearing can occur if interlocked grain is present
It is difficult to nail, pre-boring is recommended.
Gluing behavior is reportedly good.
This species is reported to be easy to finish.
The behavior in staining is fair.
It paints and varnishes well.
This species is reported to be easy to polish.
Steam bending of this wood is possible.
It is suggested as a substitute for Rock Maple, Sycamore or Boxwood.
FURNITURE AND CABINETS, TOOLS, tool handles, agricultural tools, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION