Halmalille wood/Trincomali wood
Berrya cordifolia (Willd.) Burret
Trincomalee wood; Trincomalee; Tricomale; Thirukkanamallay; Sarala devadaru; Petwun; Pakpak-balang; Mai-tonghu; Liengmun; Liangman; Ketapang; Kambamaram; Hpekwoon; Halmillila; Halmilla; Dok leung; Chevandelai; Chavandalai; Anobrang; Liang (Thailand); Mai-long (Myanmar); Malibayo (Philippines); Trincomali wood; Halmalille wood
Espera cordifolia Willd.; Berrya ammonilla Roxb.
It is a deciduous, small to medium-sized tree up 30 m tall. The bole is frequently crooked in Malaysia but apparently better shaped in India and Vietnam. It is branchless for up to 15 m, up to 80 cm in diameter, fluted at base or with low buttresses.
It is usually found scattered in deciduous primary forests, sometimes also in secondary forests, up to 1,000 m of altitude. It tolerates poor drainage, but is sensitive to drought.
It occurs from India region to Myanmar, Laos, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Andaman islands and Philippines.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally vessels in radial multiples of 4 or more common. Occasionally tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits small, 7 micras or less. Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Axial parenchyma confluent. Prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 5 to 8 c 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays storied. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-III). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It has pungent odor when freshly sawn.
The sapwood is whitish to pale brown, distinct. The heartwood is dark red to brown, with darker streaks.
The grain is straight or shallowly interlocked.
Texture is mostly fine to medium.
It is rated as highly resistant to attack by decay and insects.
Heartwood is extremely resistant to impregnation but does not appear to require any treatment for most practical purposes.
Sawing of this species is difficult.
Machining of this species is reported to be easy.
This species is difficult to glue.
It is easy to finish.
This species is reported to be easy to polish.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, poles, crossties, HOUSING GENERAL, flooring, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, TURNING, BENDING, SPORTS, TOOLS, tool handles, agricultural tools, PACKING, CONTAINERS, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boats, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts