Garuga floribunda Decne.
Burus (Philippines); Bogo (Philippines); Garuga (Papua New Guinea); Gabilo (Philippines); Kedondong; Ki langit (Indonesia); Kayu kambing (Indonesia); Garuga; Wiyu (Indonesia)
Garuga pacifica Burkill; Garuga littoralis Merr.; Garuga floribunda Merr.
It is a deciduous, small to medium-sized or occasionally fairly large tree up to 30 m tall. The bole is usually straight, cylindrical, branchless for up to 12 m, with a diameter of 120 cm and buttresses up to 3 m high.
It is reported in primary and secondary, often periodically dry or very dry monsoon forests and thickets, and in lower montane rainforests, up to 1,200 m of altitude.
It is present but nowhere abundant, in the Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, northern Queensland, around Honiara in Solomon Islands and throughout Melanesia.
Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Wood diffuse porous. Tyloses common. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 to 200 micras. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Occasionally larger rays more than 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in radial alignment in procumbent ray cells (chambered cells). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II) Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits. Septate fibers present.
It has no distinct taste or odor.
The sapwood is pale yellow or pale gray, clearly distinct. The heartwood is pale brown or reddish-brown.
The grain is interlocked or crossed.
The texture is fairly fine, even.
The wood is described as moderate in luster.
It is fairly resistant to pinhole borer attack, but readily attacked by dry-wood termites.
Silica Content: It is non-siliceous. Silica Value: 0
The sapwood is permeable to moderately permeable to impregnation, the heartwood is untreatable.
Sawmilling of this species is reportedly easy.
Wood processing is reported to be easy.
The wood can be planed to a relatively smooth finish but a reduced cutting angle is recommended to prevent grain picking up on the radial surface.
Finishing of this wood is good.
The wood responds well to hand tools.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, poles, stakes posts, HOUSING GENERAL, flooring, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, cabinets, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, TURNING, SPORTS, TOOLS, agricultural tools, PACKING, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, moldings