Protium serratum (Wall. Ex Colebr.) Engl.
Nihor (India); Najor (India); Murtenga (India); Mirtenga (India); Indian red pear; Protium (Papua New Guinea); Ketos (Indonesia); Kedondong
Bursera serrata Wall. ex Colebr.
It is a middle sized to large evergreen tree up to 27 m tall and 100 up to 250 cm in diameter. The bole is clear for 9 to 15 m.
Protium serratum is reported growing especially in valleys and along water courses.
It is reported in the eastern moist zones of Bengal, Assam, Orissa and Myanmar.
Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Wood diffuse porous. Tyloses common. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 200 micras or more (large). Vestured pits. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Simple perforation plates. Vascular/vasicentric tracheides present. Interve Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Axial parenchyma bands more than 3 cells wide. Ray height more than 1 mm. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays 1 to 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in radial alignment in procumbent ray cells (chambered cells). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II
The heartwood is reddish-brown to dark brown, not clearly differentiated from the sapwood.
The grain is interlocked.
The texture is very fine to moderate fine and even.
The wood is somewhat lustrous.
The wood is moderately durable. The sapwood is susceptible to Lyctus.
Silica Content: The wood has a high silica content which affects wood processing. Silica Value: 1
This timber is difficult to impregnate with preservatives.
Although sawing of Kedondong is difficult, timber of this species is comparatively easy to saw.
It polishes well.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, stakes posts, crossties, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, TOOLS, tool handles, CONTAINERS, truck flooring, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, pencil