Bombax ceiba L.
Mooc nieen (Vietnam); Ngui ban (Thailand); Kapok (Papua New Guinea); Tambaluang (Malaysia); Kapok (Malaysia); Kapok kalingi (Indonesia); Kapuk hutan (Indonesia); Wuraga; Wallaiki; Varma-druma; Tunglu; Taroktok; Sunglu; Somr; Simur; Simul; Simbal; Simalo; Shirlan; Shimlo; Shimal; Shembal; Semur; Semul; Sayar; Sawar; Sauri; Saori; Saodi; Red silk cotton tree; Randu alas; Randu; Pula; Poola; Parutti; Panheira; Panchu; Pagun; Ngiew; Mullilavu; Mai-nio; Lapaing; Khatsaweri; Khatsawar; Katu-imbul; Katseori; Kapas-damo; Kamba; Illavam; Ilavu; Ilavam; Himala; Gon run do; Edel; Didu; Del; Buruga; Buroh; Burla; Burgu; Burga; Bural; Buraga; Bouro; Bolchu; Bobor; Boboo; Bargu; Alas; Cottonwood; Fromager (France); Indian bombax; Silk cotton tree; Ngiou ban (Laos); Ngui (Thailand); Taglinan (Philippines); Babui gubat (Philippines); Gajo dor (Vietnam); Malabulak (Philippines); Bombax (Papua New Guinea); Tambaluang (Sabah); Letpan (Myanmar); Randu agung (Indonesia)
Salmalia malabarica (DC.) Schott & Endl; Gossampinus malabarica (DC.) Merr.; Bombax malabaricum DC.
It is a deciduous, small to large tree up to 35 m tall. The bole is straight, branchless for up to 20 m, up to 150 cm in diameter, with large buttresses, up to 6 m high, often fluted. The bole, or sometimes only the branches, are armed with woody knobs or
This species is found in primary and secondary forests close to the riverbanks, up to 750 m of altitude.
Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 200 micras or more (large). Occasionally tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits large, 10 micras or more. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma storied. Occasionally two cells per pa 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Occasionally sheath cells. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-III). Septate fibers present. Fibers very thin walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is straw-colored, not sharply differentiated from the white sapwood.
The grain is straight or slightly interlocked.
The texture is moderately coarse.
The wood is non-durable, with an average service life of 0.9 years in a graveyard test in Peninsular Malaysia.
Impregnation with preservative substances is reported to be good.
It is easy to work in green as well as in seasoned condition.
The nailing behavior of this wood is considered as fair.
FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, cores, TURNING, cutlery, PACKING, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, matches, moldings