Murraya paniculata (L.) Jacq.
Burmese boxwood; Kaeo (Thailand); Banasi (Philippines); Yuzana (Myanmar); Keo (Laos); Tala kaeo (Thailand); Kemuning (Malaysia); Kamuning (Philippines); Mock orange; Orange jasmine; Kemuning (Indonesia); Kayu gading (Indonesia)
Murrayaodorata Blanco; Murraya sumatrana Roxb; Murraya paniculata var. omphalocarpa Tanaka; Murraya omphalocarpa Hayata; Murraya exotica L.; Chalcas paniculata L.; Chalcas exotica (L.) Millsp.
It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 20 m tall and 25 cm in diameter.
Murraya paniculata is found in evergreen, lowland and hill rain forests, usually on rocky soils or limestone, up to 600 m of altitude.
This species is frequently cultivated within its region of origin.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less. Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/o 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-III). Septate fibers present. Fibers very thick walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is grayish-brown or dark yellow with dark olive or black shades, sharply demarcated form the pale yellow or buff-colored sapwood.
The grain is straight, but curly or wavy at base of trunk.
This wood has a very fine texture.
It is reported to be moderate in luster.
The heartwood is resistant to dry-wood termites. It is considered as durable to very durable.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is reported to be very good but rather slow. Boards of 1 cm thick take 15 days to air dry from 40% to 15% moisture content. Kiln Schedules: Boards of 2.5 cm thick can be kiln dried from 40% to 10% moisture content in 5-6 days at a drying temperature of 60 to 80 degrees, and a corresponding relative humidity of 80% to 40%.
Sawing of this species is easy.
The response of this species to machining operations is good to fair.
This species is not easy to work with hand tools.
FURNITURE AND CABINETS, TOOLS, tool handles, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts