Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.
Kendayakan (Indonesia); Alibangbang (Philippines); Bwaygyin (Myanmar); Mountain ebony (India); Choeung koo (Cambodia); Benculuk (Indonesia); Som sieo (Laos); Chongkho (Thailand); Salaeng phan (Thailand); Sieo som (Thailand); Mosng bof (Vietnam); Tai tuw owjng (Vietnam); Malabar bauhinia; Bwegyin (Myanmar); Tai voi (Vietnam); Kripi (Indonesia); Bwechin (Myanmar)
Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth.; Piliostigma acidum(Reinw. ex Korth) Benth.
It is an evergreen or nearly evergreen, dioecious, small tree up to 17 m tall. The bole is short and often gnarled, up to 50 cm in diameter.
This species is found in areas with clearly demarcated dry seasons. It is reported up to 600 m above the sea level.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Axial parenchyma confluent. Rays storied. Body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-III). Fibers with distinctly bordered pits.
The heartwood is pale red, not clearly differentiated from the sapwood.
The grain is straight or slightly interlocked.
The texture is moderately fine.
It is durable only for interior use. It is attacked by dry wood insects.
Machining of this species is easy to fair.