Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume
Teja badak; Tedja; Singga betina; Medang tija; Medang; Lelang; Kitedja; Kemangi; Kayu manis; Kajoe tedja; Cinnanmon; Clove cinnamon (United Kingdom); Ki teja (Indonesia); Phayaprap (Thailand); Kradangnga (Thailand); Chiat (Thailand); Chouang (Laos); Hmanthin (Myanmar); Namog (Philippines); Medang teja (Malaysia); Medang kalong (Indonesia); Wild cinnamon (United Kingdom); Wild cinnamon (United States of America); Clove cinnamon (United States of America); Kayu manis hutan (Indonesia)
It is a medium-sized tree up to 24 m tall. The bole is up to 60 cm in diameter.
Cinnamomum iners is common in primary and secondary lowland and hill forests, up to 1,200 m of altitude.
Essential oils are obtained by steam distillation of medang.
Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 more than 20 (very abundant). Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally axial parenchyma lozenge-aliform. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Oil and/or mucilage cells associated with the axial and/or ray parenchyma (idioblasts). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
Usually the wood has a persistent camphor-like odor.
The heartwood varies in color from grayish-green to pinkish, reddish or pale brown on exposure, and is usually not distinctly demarcated from the straw-colored, pale pink or pale brown sapwood.
The grain is straight to moderately interlocked.
Texture is moderately fine and even.
Cinnamomum is considered as non-durable to moderately durable when in contact with the ground.
The heartwood of this species is reported to be impermeable.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is reported to be difficult. Air drying 4 cm thick boards from green to 15% moisture content takes about 5 months. Drying Defects: It is prone to end and surface checking and has a slight tendency to twist. Kiln Schedules: A mild kiln schedule is recommended although some checking (sometimes severe) cannot be avoid. Kiln drying from green to 12% moisture content takes 5-6 days.
Sawing of this species is reported to be rather easy.
This species is easy to machine.
This wood has good nail holding characteristics.
Finishing of this wood is easy.
This species is reported to be easy to paint or varnish.
It has a good response to hand tools.
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