Litsea firma (Blume) Hook. f.
Blue laurel (United Kingdom); Blue laurel (United States of America); Bakunib (Philippines); Medang kawan (Malaysia); Medang telur (Malaysia); Medang sekem (Indonesia); Medang miang (Indonesia); Medang kuning belukar (Indonesia); Medang seluang (Sumatra); Medang padi (Indonesia); Medang (Indonesia); Medang api-api (Indonesia); Perawas (Borneo)
Tetranthera firma Blume; Litsea sibuyanensis Elmer
It is a medium-sized to large tree up to 42 m tall. The bole is up to 80 cm in diameter, with buttresses up to 2.5 m high.
This species is common in primary and secondary lowland forests up to 550 m of altitude.
Wood diffuse porous. Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Simple perforation plates. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Septate fibers present. Fibers with distinctly bordered pits. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It is reported to have a characteristic odor.
The heartwood usually ranges from pale olive-brown or creamy yellow to dark greenish-brown. The sapwood is often not distinctly demarcated from the heartwood.
The grain is straight or slightly to moderately interlocked.
Texture is reported to be moderately fine and even.
The wood is generally not durable and it is susceptible to fungal and Lyctus attack.
The sapwood is reported as easy to preserve.
Drying Defects: The wood air dries with little defects.
UK-H; US-52-35; JP-28
Sawmilling of this species is reportedly easy to slightly difficult.
This species is easy to plane.
This species is reported to have a good nailing behavior.
Finishing properties are rated as good to fair.
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