Pemphis acidula J.R. Forst.
Ligad (Philippines); Kabantigi (Philippines); Sentigi (Indonesia); Mentigi (Indonesia); Mentigi (Malaysia); Bantigi (Philippines); Thian le (Thailand); Cantigi (Indonesia)
Pemphis setosa Blanco; Pemphis angustifolia Roxb.; Millania rupestre Zipp.; Melanium fruticosum Spreng.; Mangium porcellanicum Rumph.; Lythrum pemphis L.
It is an evergreen large branching shrub to small tree to 10 m tall, up to 30 cm in diameter. The stem is usually short and stocky.
Pemphis acidula is found on sandy and rocky shores, and in exposed mangrove vegetation.
This species is occasionally planted as an ornamental tree.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally wood semi-ring porous and/or ring porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Tyloses common. Vestured pits. Vessels per mm2 more than 20 (very abundant). Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Occasionally axial parenchyma confluent. Occasionally two cells per parenchyma strand. 3 to 4 cel 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Sheath cells. Body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-I). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal Fibers very thick walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is reddish-brown to dark reddish-brown, turning dark brown with age, clearly differentiated from the pale sapwood.
The grain is frequently interlocked.
Fine texture is reported in this species.
Timber of this species is lustrous.
The wood is very durable when exposed to the weather or in contact with the ground. The heartwood is very resistant to dry-wood termites.
Kiln Schedules: Kiln drying from green condition to 12% moisture content takes 9 to10 days. Checking of this species wood may be severe during kiln drying.
Machining operations are rather difficult.
With care it is reported to take a high finish.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, stakes posts, HOUSING GENERAL, TURNING, cutlery, TOOLS, tool handles, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts