Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa
Umbrella tree; Tulip tree; Suriya portia; Seaside mahoe; Santa maria; Puvarasam; Puvarachu; Pursong; Purasia; Portia pursa; Poris; Poresh; Porassu; Poovarasu; Parsipu; Parash; Majagua de Florida; Kavarachu; Kabaoui; Hurvashi; Gangarava; Fref; Faux bois de rose; Emajaguilla; Eijan; Dumbla; Daleni; Cork tree; Clemon; Chilanthi; Cheelanthi; Catalpa; Bugari; Bois de rose; Bhendi; Bendi gangareni; Bebaru; Baru; Asha; Baru laut (Indonesia); Milo; Salimuli (Indonesia); Pacific rose-wood; Portia tree; Po kamat phrai (Thailand); Baru-baru (Malaysia); Banalo (Philippines)
Malvaviscus populneus (L.) Gaertn.; Hibiscus populneus L.; Hibiscus populifolius Salisb.; Hibiscus blumei Kuntze; Hibiscus bacciferus Blume; Bupariti populnea (L.) Rothm.
It is a small tree to 20 m tall, with rather dense crown. The bark is smooth, becoming rugged with deep fissures.
Thespesia populnea is found scattered or rarely gregariously on sandy and rocky coasts in beach forests.
It is well distributed throughout the South East Asia, mainly occurring along sheltered seashores.
It is described as a pantropic species, occasionally planted as a shade tree.
The bark is reported to have significant tannin contents. Extracts of this species have significant anti-malarial activity.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels of two distinct diameter classes, wood not ring-porous. Occasionally vessel clusters common. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simpl Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma storied. Two cells per parenchyma strand. 3 to 4 cells per 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays storied. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Sheath cells. Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square mar Fibers very thin walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The sapwood is pale brown, occasionally with red marks. The heartwood is clearly demarcated, dark chocolate or reddish, darkening on exposure.
The grain is shallowly interlocked.
Texture is mostly fine to medium.
It is resistant to insect attack.
Ease of Drying: Drying is rather slow and sometimes difficult to perform. Drying Defects: Risks of distortions.
Sawing of this species is easy.
This species is easy to machine.
Gluing properties are rated as fair to poor.
It is easy to finish.
It works well with hand tools despite the presence of interlocked grain.
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