Chlorophora tinctoria (L.) Gaudich. ex Benth.
Tatayivasaiyu; Tatayiba; Tatane tauba; Tatajuba-de-espinho; Tatajiba; Tajuba; Taiuva; Runa; Palomoro; Morita; Moreira; Moratana; Limarona; Legno giallo; Jocomico; Jataiba; Gelbholz; Geelhout; Fustetto; Fresno de America; Fiselholz; Dyewood; Dyers mulberry; Brasil palo amarillo; Bois d`orange; Amoreira branca; Amoeira; Amarello; Sota (Ecuador); Mora (Bolivia); Palo Mora (Bolivia); Dinde Fustete (Colombia); Mora (Colombia); Moral Amarillo (Venezuela); Palo Negro (Guatemala); Limulana (Peru); Insira Caspi (Peru); Insira (Peru); Tatayivásaiyú; Taiúva (Brazil); Red Fustic; Palo De Mora (Colombia); Palo Amarillo (Bolivia); Moral (Mexico); Mora Insira; Fustic; Escambrón De Madera; Dinde (Colombia); Brasil; Bois Jaune; Boid D`Orange; Barossa; Avinje; Auroeira; Amarelo (Brazil); Moral De Loma; Mora (Venezuela); Limão (Brazil); Huil Yaga; Gelbes Brasilholz; Espinheiro Branco (Brazil); Echter Fustik; Cubaholz; Avinge; Amarillo; Amarcira; Mora Amarilla; Moral Fino (Ecuador); Toyuba; Touvo; Tatayva; Tatajuba (Brazil); Palo-Moro; Pau Amarelo (Brazil); Palo Naranjo; Odumbaum; Moral Fustete (Colombia); Fustic Mulberry; Cuba Wood; Fustic Wood; Yellow Wood; Tustete; Tustic
Morus tinctoria L.; Maclura tinctoria var. affinis (Miq.) Bureau; Maclura tinctoria var. chlorocarpa (Liebm.) Bureau; Maclura affinis Miq.
It is a small or medium size tree, attaining heights from 15 to 30 m, and trunk diameters of about 50 to 100 cm. The branches are sometimes armed with spines.
The species is found throughout tropical America, growing in primary or secondary rain forests.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 150 to 200 micras (medium). Tyloses common. Occasionally vessels per mm2 less than 6. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pit Axial parenchyma apparent with the naked eye. Occasionally axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Occasionally paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally axial parenchyma lozenge-aliform. Axial parenchyma alifo 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays 1 to 4 seriate. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
Odor or taste are absent.
The sapwood is clearly differentiated. The heartwood is golden yellow, often with darker streaks, changing upon exposure to brown or russet. Sometimes it presents a reddish tinge.
Grain is reported to be interlocked.
The texture is medium.
Luster is reported to be medium to high.
It has very high natural resistance to decay and attack by other wood destroying organisms.
Silica Content: The wood presents silica crystals which produce a moderate blunting effect on the cutting tools. Silica Value: 0.05
The heartwood is reported to have very poor response to preservative treatment. The sapwood can be treated if incised.
Ease of Drying: Moderately difficult to season, it dries rapidly. Drying Defects: A tendency to moderate checking and slight warping are reported. Casehardening may occur when thick pieces are dried.
This species is difficult to saw.
Dulling effect on tool edges is reported to be moderate.
The material is reported to be fairly difficult to plane if interlocked grain is present.
The timber is reported to be difficult to mould.
The timber nails satisfactorily.
It is reported to have good gluing properties.
The wood is difficult to sand.
It is reported to give a smooth finish.
The wood stains satisfactorily.
It has a good polishing.
This wood is reported to be difficult to work with hand tools.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, poles, paling, stakes posts, rails, crossarms, crossties, piers, HOUSING GENERAL, beams, joists, boards, flooring, frames, steps, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, common furniture, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, Decorative veneer, TURNING, turned furniture, SPORTS, bowling polo balls, TOOLS, tool handles, agricultural tools, PACKING, heavy packing, CONTAINERS, cooperage, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boat deck, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, yoke