Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lam.) M. Roem.
Cedar mangrove; Pussur wood; Sangkuyong (Philippines); Piagau (Philippines); Delima wanita (Malaysia); Nyirih batu (Indonesia); Nyireh batu (Malaysia); Nyirih gundik (Indonesia); Niri batu (Indonesia); Tambu-tambu (Philippines); Ta buun dam (Thailand); Nyireh batu (Singapore); Ta ban (Thailand); Pinle-on (Myanmar); Xuong ca (Vietnam); Indian crabwood (India); Kyana (Myanmar); Poshur (India); Dhundul (India); Kyatna (Myanmar)
Xylocarpus mekongensis Pierre; Xylocarpus gangeticus (Prain) C.E. Paarkinson; Xylocarpus australasicus Ridley; Carapa moluccensis Lam.
It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 20 m tall, and 90 cm in diameter. The bole is straight and cylindrical, branchless for up to 10 m, usually with small buttresses and pneumatophore roots.
Xylocarpus moluccensis is common in mangrove swamps, beach and coastal woodlands. It may be locally gregarious.
Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Occasionally vessels with colored deposits. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Occasionally vessels per mm2 more than 20. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation pla Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vas 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Occasionally rays and/or axial elements irregularly storied. Rays storied. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Prismatic crystals in radial alignment in procumbent ray cells (chambered cells). Occasionally body ray cells procumbent w Septate fibers present. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
Sometimes it has a faint cedar-like odor.
The heartwood is reddish, darkening to a deep warm brown on exposure, usually sharply demarcated from the buff-colored, pale pink or silver-gray sapwood.
The grain is straight or alternating to slightly interlocked.
The wood is mostly fine in texture.
The wood is moderately durable when exposed to the weather or in contact with the ground. It is somewhat resistant to marine borers attack and to dry-wood termites if protected.
The heartwood is untreatable.
Ease of Drying: Drying is rather slow and sometimes difficult to perform. Drying Defects: Risks of checks. Kiln Schedules: Schedule proposed as a reference by comparison with well known species taking into account to the general technological behavior of this species.
It is reported as difficult to saw due to interlocked grain.
Machining operations are rather easy.
It finishes well, taking a high polish.
This species is reported to be easy to polish.
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