Caryocar coccineum Pilg.
Batsoari (Guyana); Ajillo (Costa Rica); Piquia (Brazil); Almendra (Venezuela); Almendrón (Colombia); Almendra (Colombia); Almendro (Peru)
This species is a medium size tree with average heights of 22 m. The diameter at breast height is commonly from 50 to 70 cm. The boles are usually 10 m long in the average.
It is reported in premontane rain forests.
Species in this group are reported to occur in tropical America from Costa Rica, through Guyana, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 150 to 200 micras (medium). Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits coarse in marginal rows. Vessel-r Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenchyma cells. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Rays commonly 2 seriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Heterogeneous rays and/or multiseriate heterogeneous rays. Body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or squa Occasionally septate fibers present. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
typical almond-like smell
The sapwood is very pale yellow, the heartwood gradually changes into yellow color.
The grain is usually interlocked.
The wood is typically medium in texture.
The surface of the wood is naturally moderate in luster.
This timber is moderately resistant to decay, but it has good resistance against termites and dry wood insects.
Growth stresses are reported in this species.
Preservative treatments are reportedly difficult.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is very slow. Drying Defects: Slight warp and checking.
Presence of important residual internal stresses often lead to woolly surfaces.
The wood has a slight blunting effect.
Difficulties due to interlocked grain.
Molding of this species is reported to be easy.
This species is easy to bore.
Good nail-holding properties.
Gluing behavior is reportedly fair.
This species is reported to be difficult to polish.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, poles, stakes posts, crossties, piers, HOUSING GENERAL, beams, joists, boards, flooring, shutter boards, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, common veneer, TOOLS, agricultural tools, PACKING, heavy packing, pallets, CONTAINERS, cooperage, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boats, boat deck, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, door core