Select Language:  


< Back PUSPA/SIMARTOLU (Schima wallichii) Print Friendly View

< Back Print Friendly View

PUSPA/SIMARTOLU (Schima wallichii)

Trade Name


Scientific Name

Schima wallichii Choisy



Common Names

Schima; Needle wood; Simartolu; Mang tan; Voosi thuoosc (Vietnam); Thalo (Thailand); Champa dong (Thailand); Bunnak (Thailand); Mi (Laos); Khai sou (Laos); Boun nak (Laos); Laukya (Myanmar); Schima (Papua New Guinea); Samak (Malaysia); Gatal-gatal (Malaysia); Medang gatal (Malaysia); Madang gatal (Indonesia); Seru (Indonesia); Samak; Mang tan (Thailand); Kelinci padi (Brunei Darussalam); Medang gatal (Sabah); Puspa (Indonesia); Chilauni (India); Ta lo (Thailand)

Scientific Name Synonyms

Schima nornohae Reinw. ex Blume; Schima crenata Korth; Schima bancana Miq.; Gordonia wallichii DC.

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

It is an evergreen, medium-sized to large tree up to 47 m tall. The bole is cylindrical, branchless for up to 25 m, up to 125 cm in diameter, rarely with up to 1.8 m high steep buttresses.

Natural Habitat

In the Philippines endemic to Palawan, where it is confined to mossy scrub on ridges between 1,000 and 1,200 m of altitude. Elsewhere it grows in a wide range of habitats, but it is often found in primary lowland to montane forests, up to 2,400 m of altit

Plantations Available?

This species is widely grown in South East Asia. Plantations are reported in Malaysia; an industrial forest plantation of this species in South Sumatra is also reported.

View More Information

Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Occasionally tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 more than 20 (very abundant). Intervessel pits scalariform. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Occasionally helica Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally prismatic crystals in chambered axial par 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with over 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-I). Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal Fibers with distinctly bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Tangential Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section


Cites Status


General Wood Description


The heartwood is red brown or gray brown, indistinct from the paler sapwood.

COLOR INDEX (1=Black, 7=Light yellow,white)



Straight or interlocked grain is reported in this species.


The wood is typically fine in texture.

Natural Durability

This species is moderately resistant to biological attack.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)


Silica Content

Silica Content: It contains 0.1% silica. Silica Value: 0.1

Resistance To Impregnation

Preservation is reported to be moderately difficult.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)


Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)


Total shrinkage Tangential (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)


Total shrinkage Radial (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)


Drying Defects

Ease of Drying: Drying is moderately easy; some particular care is needed. Drying Defects: No particular risks of drying defects, subject to normal drying conditions. Kiln Schedules: Schedule proposed as a reference by comparison with well known species taking into account to the general technological behavior of this species.

Dimensional stability ratio (Total Tangential Shrinkage %/Total Radial Shrinkage %)


Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Bending Strength (MOR),12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Stiffness (MOE) 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression perpendicular to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)


Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)



Rotary Veneer Cutting

This timber is reported to be suitable for lamination.

Sliced Veneer

This timber is reported to be suitable for lamination.


Machining of this species is reported to be easy.




Nailing properties of this wood are reported as good to fair. Pre-boring is recommended.


It has a good polishing.

Response To Hand Tools

It has a good response to hand tools.


End Uses Summary

EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, rails, crossarms, HOUSING GENERAL, frames, panelling, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, TURNING, TOOLS, agricultural tools, PACKING, CONTAINERS, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, axle, shingle, moldings

Exterior General
  • 1 - Tabela de resultados de ensaios fisicos e mecanicos
  • 2 - 25 madeiras da amazonia de valor comercial, caracterizacao, macroscopica, usos comuns e indices qualificativos
  • 6 - Physical and mechanical properties of Eucalyptus deglupta Blume grown in Costa Rica
Crossheads Crossarms
  • 7 - Maderas latinoamericanas. II, Quercus alata Q. costaricensis y Q. eugeniaefolia
General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
  • 16 - Woods of the World
  • 18 - W3TROPICOS Missouri Botanical Garden
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Panels, Veneers
  • 25 - Directory of Timber Trade Malaysia
  • 30 - Embassy of Honduras in Japan
  • 42 - Utilización Industrial de Nuevas Especies Forestales en el Perú.
Agricultural Tools
  • 44 - Atlas of Peruvian Woods
  • 45 - Recopilación y Análisis de Estudios Tecnológicos de Maderas Peruanas
Truck Body
  • 53 - Timbers of the New World
Truck Flooring
  • 54 - Bulletin of the Government Forest Experiment Station N.157: Identification of Tropical Woods
  • 55 - Tropical Timber Atlas of Latin America
  • 73 - Handbook of Hardwoods
  • 77 - Amazonian Timbers, Characteristics and Utilization Volume I; Tapajós National Forest
  • 79 - Padronização da Nomenclatura Comercial Brasileira das Madeiras Tropicais Amazônicas, Sugestão

Please Provide Information To View Producer Information

* Or, continue as guest