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SUCUPIRA PRETA (Diplotropis purpurea)

Trade Name

Sucupira Preta

Scientific Name

Diplotropis purpurea (Rich.) Amshoff



Common Names

Zapan negro; Tataboo; Taku; Swarte kabbes; Supupira; Sucupira-preta; Sucupira-parda; Sucupira assu; Sapupira da varzea; Mach; Levorte kabbes; Levarte kabbes; Kiabici oudou; Kabbes; Baakia kiabici; Araumatta; Alcornoque; Aji; Sucupira (Brazil); Zwarte Kabbes; Zwart Kabbes; Tatabu; Sucupipa (Brazil); Sapupira (Brazil); Peonia; Coeur Dehors; Botonallare; Aramatta; Congrio; Black Sucupira

Scientific Name Synonyms

Tachigali purpurea Rich.; Dibrachion guianense Tul.; Bowdichia brasiliensis (Tul.) Ducke

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

D. purpurea is often 30 up to 40 m in height, with a trunk diameter of about 40 to 60 cm. Diameters of 100 cm are also possible. It develops cylindrical and straight stems 15 to 20 m long.

Natural Habitat

Diplotropis purpurea is found in primary and secondary forests on drylands. In Brazil it is reported in terra firme forests

Natural Distribution

The natural growth range of the species is reported to range from the northeastern Colombian rainforests down to Bolivia.

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Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Occasionally tangential diameter of vessel lumina 200 micras or more. Occasionally white deposits in heartwood vessels. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ra Occasionally axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Axial parenchyma lozenge-aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Occasionally prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays commonly 2 seriate. Occasionally heterogeneous rays and/or multiseriate heterogeneous rays. Body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Radial Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section


Cites Status


General Wood Description


Odor and taste are reported to be indistinct.


The sapwood is clearly different from the heartwood. The heartwood is chocolate brown, turning to a lighter brown after exposure.

COLOR INDEX (1=Black, 7=Light yellow,white)



The grain is typically straight to slightly interlocked or wavy.


The wood is reported to be typically coarse-textured.


Wood surfaces are moderately to highly lustrous.

Natural Durability

It is very resistant to attack by both white-rot and brown-rot fungi. It is also highly resistant to dry-wood termites but is attacked by marine borers.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)


Resistance To Impregnation

Especially if there is good end-grain exposure, the penetration of preservative solutions is reported to be adequate.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)


Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)


Total shrinkage Tangential (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)


Total shrinkage Radial (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)


Recommended Dry Kiln Schedule


Dimensional stability ratio (Total Tangential Shrinkage %/Total Radial Shrinkage %)


Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Bending Strength (MOR),12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Stiffness (MOE) 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Compression perpendicular to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)


Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)


Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)




The material is reported to be fairly difficult to saw. Stellite tipped band saws are recommended.

Rotary Veneer Cutting

The timber is reported to be suitable for slicing into decorative veneers.

Sliced Veneer

The timber is reported to be suitable for slicing into decorative veneers.

Blunting Effect

The wood is reported to have moderate dulling effect on cutting edges.


Straight grain wood gives fairly good results, but coarse-textured and irregular grain material is reported to yield poor planed surfaces.




The wood has good screwing properties.


The wood is reported to finish well after filling.

Response To Hand Tools

It is reported to be moderately difficult to work with ordinary tools.


End Uses Summary

EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, poles, paling, stakes posts, rails, crossarms, crossties, HOUSING GENERAL, beams, joists, boards, flooring, frames, steps, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, common furniture, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, Decorative veneer, TURNING, ornaments, turned furniture, cutlery, TOOLS, tool handles, agricultural tools, PACKING, heavy packing, CONTAINERS, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boat deck, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, yoke

Exterior General
  • 1 - Tabela de resultados de ensaios fisicos e mecanicos
  • 2 - 25 madeiras da amazonia de valor comercial, caracterizacao, macroscopica, usos comuns e indices qualificativos
  • 3 - Estudo dendrologico e determinacao das caracteristicas fisicas e mecanicas do genipapo (Genipa americana)
Paling Fence Pickets
  • 4 - Estudo dendrologico e determinacao das caracteristicas fisicas e mecanicas da bicuiba
Stake Posts
  • 5 - Propriedades fisicas e mecanicas da madeira e do contraplacado de Pinus elliottii
  • 6 - Physical and mechanical properties of Eucalyptus deglupta Blume grown in Costa Rica
Crossheads Crossarms
  • 7 - Maderas latinoamericanas. II, Quercus alata Q. costaricensis y Q. eugeniaefolia
  • 8 - Maderas latinoamericas. III, Podocarpus standleyi ,Podocarpus oleifolius, Drims granadensis, Magnolia poasana y Didymopanax pittieri
General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
  • 11 - Prospect: The wood database
  • 12 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part I-Tropical American Species
  • 13 - Dry kiln schedules for commercial woods. Temperate and tropical. Section III. Latin American (Mexico, Central, and South America) Woods–Conventional Temperatures
  • 14 - Handbook of Hardwoods
  • 16 - Woods of the World
  • 17 - Tree Conservation Database
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Furniture, Common
  • 23 - Handbook of Hardwoods
Panels, Veneers
  • 25 - Directory of Timber Trade Malaysia
Decorative veneer
  • 28 - Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forest of Fiji
  • 30 - Embassy of Honduras in Japan
  • 31 - Embassy of Colombia in Japan
Turned Articles
  • 32 - Embassy of Cote d`Ivoire in Japan
Knife Handles
  • 33 - Embassy of Gabon in Japan
  • 42 - Utilización Industrial de Nuevas Especies Forestales en el Perú.
Tool Handles
  • 43 - Maderas de Bolivia (Características y Usos de 55 Maderas Tropicales)
Agricultural Tools
  • 44 - Atlas of Peruvian Woods
  • 45 - Recopilación y Análisis de Estudios Tecnológicos de Maderas Peruanas
Heavy Packing
  • 47 - Arvores Brasileiras
Truck Body
  • 53 - Timbers of the New World
Truck Flooring
  • 54 - Bulletin of the Government Forest Experiment Station N.157: Identification of Tropical Woods
  • 55 - Tropical Timber Atlas of Latin America
Boat Decking
  • 59 - Programa Nacional de uso Sostenible de los Bosques e Incremento a las Exportaciones.
  • 74 - World Timbers, Vol.2, North and South America

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