Terminalia amazonia (J.F. Gmel.) Exell
Guayo; Broadleaf; Poirier; Olivier mangue; Jucarillo; Chicharron amarillo; Chicharrón amarillo; Chicharrón; Chicharron; Canxun; Canshán (Mexico); Rifari (Peru); Pata de danta (Venezuela); Guayabo de monte; Guayabo de montaña; Guayabón (Venezuela); Tanibuca (Brazil); White olive; Volador; Roble macuelizo; Pookadi; Pau mulato brancho (Brazil); Naranjo; Nangossiti (French Guiana); Merendiba branca; Leche amarillo; Guyabillo; Guayabon (Venezuela); Guayabo negro; Guayabo leon (Colombia); Guacharaco; Guaba; Ginja hoehoe; Chicharro; Bullywood; Bolador; Araca; Angouchi (French Guiana); Anangossiti (French Guiana); Amarillon; Amarillo de panama; Amarillo (Bolivia); Guaragui (Paraguay); Nogal Amarillo (Peru); Roble Amarillo (Peru); Nashipe (Ecuador); Yumbingue (Ecuador); Roble (Ecuador); Palo Prieto (Colombia); Roble (Colombia); Amarilla (Bolivia); Verdolago (Bolivia); Guarawi (Paraguay); Guarajuba (Brazil); Pardillo Amarillo (Venezuela); Chuncho (Peru); Cuiarana (Brazil); Tanimbuca (Brazil); Nacastillo; Aromilla; Guayabo (Colombia); White Oliver; Cochun; Fukadi (Guyana); Pau-Mulato Branco (Brazil); Pardillo Negro (Venezuela); Guayabo León (Colombia); Amarillo Carabazuelo (Panama); Canshan (Mexico); Almendro (Honduras); Roble De Esmeraldas (Colombia); Pata De Danto (Venezuela); Palo Amarillo; White Olivier; Coffee Mortar; Nargusta
Terminalia odontoptera Van Heurck & Müll. Arg.; Terminalia obovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Steud.; Terminalia hayesii Pittier; Terminalia excelsa Liebm. ex Hemsl.; Myrobalanus obovatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze; Gimbernatea obovata Ruiz & Pav.; Gimbernatea obovata Ruiz & Pav.; Chuncoa obovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.; Chuncoa amazonica J.F. Gmel.; Chuncoa amazonia J.F. Gmel.
It is a dominant tree, it can reach a height of 30 to 45 m, with a diameter of up to 150 cm, but more commonly about 40 to 100 cm. The bole is free of branches to about 25 m or more. It develops large buttresses up to 3 m tall.
Terminalia amazonia is found in primary tropical rain forests. In the Amazon basin it is reported on terra firme forests, on well drained soils.
This species is reported to extend from southern Mexico into northern South America to Bolivia and Peru.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 150 to 200 micras (medium). Occasionally white deposits in heartwood vessels. Occasionally tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 10 to 20 (abundant). Simple perf Occasionally axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally axial parenchyma aliform. Occasionally axial parenchyma confluent. Prismatic crystals in non-chambered axial parenc Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Rays exclusively uniseriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It has no distinct odor or taste.
The color of the heartwood ranges from brownish yellow to olive yellow color, often with dark streaks, not clearly demarcated from the sapwood.
The grain is straight, wavy or interlocked.
The wood is medium textured.
It presents medium to high luster
It is resistant to decay and dry-wood termites, but susceptible to attack by subterranean termites.
The heartwood has a poor response to preservative treatments. The response of the sapwood is variable.
Ease of Drying: Air drying is reported to be fast, kiln drying is easy. Drying Defects: Risk of twisting and cupping is reported.
UK-C; US-T3-C2; JUNAC-A
The timber is reported to be fairly difficult to saw.
Blunting effect on tools is reported to be very severe.
Straight-grained material is reported to be easy to plane, but material with interlocked grain may tear in planing. Reduced cutting angles are recommended for better results.
Nailing requires pre-boring.
The wood glues well.
Sanding characteristics are rated as good.
The wood can be polished to a smooth finish.
This species responds poorly to hand tools.
It is suggested as a possible substitute for Oak (Quercus sp.).
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