Select Language:  


< Back TAPIA (Alchornea triplinervia) Print Friendly View

< Back Print Friendly View

TAPIA (Alchornea triplinervia)

Trade Name


Scientific Name

Alchornea triplinervia (Spreng.) Mull. Arg.



Common Names

Tapia Guaçu (Brazil); Tapia (Brazil); Samambaia (Brazil); Rapia Guaçu (Brazil); Pau De Bolo (Brazil); Malacacheta (Brazil); Folha De Bolo (Brazil); Canela; Caixeta (Brazil); Boleiro (Brazil); Rapia Mirim (Brazil)

Scientific Name Synonyms

Antidesma triplinervium Spreng.; Antidesma guatemalensis Lundell

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

It is a dominant tree, it attains heights from 15 to 30 m. The bole is 14 m long, with a diameter at breast height between 40 to 100 cm. This species is dioecious, meaning that it has male and female individuals.

Natural Habitat

Alchornea triplinervia is found in rain forests from the sea level up until 1,000 m of altitude, it is also found in the Atlantic rain forest.

Natural Distribution

In Brazil it grows from Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul.

View More Information

Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 150 to 200 micras (medium). Tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 6 to 10 (medium). Vessel-ray pits larger than the intervessel pits. Intervessel pits large, 10 Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Non-crystals in axial parenchyma cells. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Rays exclusively uniseriate. Prismatic crystals in the ray cells. All ray cells upright and/or square. Fibers with distinctly bordered pits.


Cites Status


General Wood Description


The wood has no specific odor or taste.


The sapwood is not differentiated. The timber is light gray to light pinkish brown in color.


Texture is reported to be medium to coarse.


This wood is frequently low in luster.

Natural Durability

This timber is highly susceptible to fungal and insect attacks.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)


Resistance To Impregnation

B. excelsa is difficult to treat, with low retention of preservatives.

Wood Physical Properties

Drying Defects

Ease of Drying: Drying is fairly slow. Drying Defects: Checking, cupping and twisting are reported. Casehardening is also reported.

Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties



Cutting resistance is generally low.


This species is easy to machine.


End Uses Summary

HOUSING GENERAL, beams, joists, PACKING, light packing

General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
  • 11 - Prospect: The wood database
  • 12 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part I-Tropical American Species
  • 45 - Recopilación y Análisis de Estudios Tecnológicos de Maderas Peruanas
Light Packing
  • 46 - ECUADOR, Inventario y Aprovechamiento de los Bosques del Sur Ecuatoriano

Please Provide Information To View Producer Information

* Or, continue as guest