Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer
Trompillo (Bolivia); Cachimbo (Venezuela); Trompillo (Venezuela); Lapati Caspi (Peru); Yantso (Ecuador); Yantsau (Ecuador); Yantsan (Ecuador); Shuina (Ecuador); Villo Villo (Ecuador); Congui`ocho (Ecuador); Tucuta (Ecuador); Cedrillo (Ecuador); Tocota (Ecuador); Sambo Cedro (Colombia); Pialde (Colombia); Requia (Colombia); Piaste (Ecuador); Pico Del Oro; Guaraguao; Guano Blanco; Gitó (Brazil); Fruta De Loro; Cramantree; Cedrophy; Requia (Peru); Carrapeteiro (Brazil); Atauba (Brazil); Trompito; Cramantee; Peito De Pomba (Brazil); Cedrillo Blanco; Cambotata; Acajou; Ata Blanco; Alligator Wood; Wild Akee; Muskwood; American Muskwood; Zambo Cedro (Colombia); Carimbo; Pulgande
Samyda guidonia L.; Guarea trichilioides L.; Guarea puberula Pittier; Guarea multiflora A. Juss.; Guarea aubletii A. Juss.; Guarea alternans C. DC.; Guarea alba C. DC.
This species is reported to be a medium size tree, with heights between 15 to 20 m, up to 25 m. The diameter at breast height is commonly from 40 to 60 cm, or even up to 90 cm. The bole is straight, with small buttresses.
Guarea guidonia is a typical species from gallery forests. It is found in secondary forests, along water courses and alluvial sites. Rarely reported in primary forests.
This species is reported to be distributed in the tropical and subtropical forests of Central and South America. In Brazil it is found in until Rio de Janeiro , Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul. It is also common in the Parana basin.
Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 150 to 200 micras (medium). Vessels per mm2 10 to 20 (abundant). Occasionally vessels per mm2 less than 6. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits simil Axial parenchyma confluent. Axial parenchyma oblique and/or sinuous. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. Rays exclusively uniseriate. Silica bodies in the ray cells. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Septate fibers present. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
It has a pleasant smell.
The sapwood is differentiated, it is pale brown, the heartwood is light red when dry.
The grain is mostly straight
Texture is usually medium to coarse.
It is reported to be moderate in luster.
This timber responds poorly to preservative treatment.
Ease of Drying: Drying is rated as rapid. Drying Defects: Slight tendency to checking and cupping. Severe casehardening is also reported.
Sawmilling of this species is reportedly easy.
Machining of this species is reported to be easy.
Planing operations are rather easy.
Boring operations are reported to be fair.
Nailing properties are good.
It is easy to sand.
It has a good finishing.
It paints and varnishes well.
This species is reported to be easy to polish.
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