Dolichandrone spathacea (L. f.) Baillon ex Schumann
Mangrove trumpet tree; Khae thale (Thailand); Khae nam (Thailand); Khe (Laos); Thakut (Myanmar); Quao (Vietnam); Khae pa (Thailand); Tanghas (Philippines); Pata (Philippines); Taring buaya (Malaysia); Kayu kuda (Indonesia); Ki jaran (Indonesia); Tui (Indonesia); Tui (Malaysia); Daun tuwai (Malaysia); Tiui (Philippines)
Dolichandrone rheedii (Spreng.) Seem.; Dolichandrone longissima (lour.) K. Schumann; Bignonia spatacea L. f.
It is a tree up to 25 m tall, 10-40 cm in diameter. The bole is short and often crooked, without buttresses, becoming fluted with age.
This species is common in the outer fringe of mangrove forests, water logged sites, tidal rivers and estuaries.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally vessels of two distinct diameter classes, wood not ring-porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Occasionally vessels per mm2 less than 6. Occasionally vascular/vasicentric tracheides pres Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Two cells per parenchyma strand. 3 to 4 cells per parenchyma strand. 5 to 8 cells per par 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Occasionally larger rays more than 4 seriate. Occasionally rays exclusively uniseriate. Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with one row of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-III). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The heartwood is white to pale yellow or pinkish-buff, not distinct from the sapwood.
The grain is mostly straight
The texture of the wood is fine.
It is non-durable even under cover, but the heartwood is resistant to dry-wood termites.
Drying Defects: It is reported that in seasoning the wood is liable to sap-stain and is subject to insect attack.
Wood processing is reported to be easy.
TURNING, cutlery, TOOLS, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, shoes, matches