Alphitonia excelsa Reissek ex Endl.
Laurika (Indonesia); Tangulai (Philippines); Alangsohan (Philippines); Coopers wood; Pokudita (Malaysia); Tulo (Philippines); Balik-angin (Malaysia); Kole (Indonesia); Kayu daun babalik (Indonesia); White ash; Red ash; Pati yata (Malaysia)
Alphitonia philippinensis Braid.; Alphitonia moluccana Teijsm. & Binnend.; Alphitonia incana (Roxb.) Kurz ex hoogland
It is a small to medium-sized tree rarely up to 30 m high. The bole is straight up to 20 m high.
It grows in disturbed or secondary forests, up to 2,500 m of altitude. In Papua New Guinea it is reported in dry savanna, in Australia it is occasionally found on very poor sandy soils.
The wood is suitable for chemical pulping having a high pulp yield and requiring comparatively few chemicals. The bark shows antibacterial activity. In a local level it is used for soap and rope production.
Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less. Vessels per mm2 5 to 20. Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Intervessel pi Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. 5 to 8 cells per parenchyma strand. 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Rays more than 10 per mm (abundant). Occasionally rays exclusively uniseriate. Prismatic crystals in radial alignment in procumbent ray cells (chambered cells). Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of up Fibers very thin walled. Occasionally fibers with distinctly bordered pits. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The wood presents a smell resembling sarsaparilla (Smilax spp.)
The heartwood is pink-brown, sapwood is straw-colored.
This species is reportedly moderately durable. The sapwood is resistant against Lyctus.
Ease of Drying: Air seasoning is reported to be easy and rapid, without seriously degrade. Drying Defects: It often darkens considerately on drying. Kiln drying may result in slight warping and splitting. Kiln Schedules: Schedule recommended for Lampati. For lighter color timbers USDF schedule T10-D5S or UK schedule J are recommended.
Workability of this species is good despite the presence of interlocked grain.
It is reported to plane easily, giving a highly lustrous polish.
HOUSING GENERAL, flooring, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, cabinets, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, TURNING, TOOLS, tool handles, CONTAINERS, cooperage, truck bodies, truck flooring, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, moldings