Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Savigny
Putut (Sabah); Kong-kang hua sum (Thailand); Berus kurong (Sarawak); Tumu merah (Malaysia); Tanjang (Indonesia); Burma mangrove; Kong kang (Cambodia); Putut (Indonesia); Byu-u-talon (Myanmar); Black mangrove (Papua New Guinea); Mangoro (Papua New Guinea); Busaing (Philippines); Tumu merah (Singapore); Prasak nhii (Cambodia); Prasak tooch (Cambodia); Bakau besar (Malaysia); Prasak (Thailand); Vejt duf (Vietnam)
Rhizophora palun DC.; Rhizophora gymnorhiza L.; Bruguiera rheedii Blume; Bruguiera rhedii Tul.; Bruguiera conjugata Merr.; Bruguiera capensis Blume
It is a tree up to 35 m tall, 45 cm in diameter and often with buttresses up to 1 m high.
Bruguiera is a typical element of the mangrove community.
It is common in the tropics. It is distributed from tropical East Africa to South and South East Asia, including northern Australia.
Wood diffuse porous. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Occasionally tyloses common. Vessels per mm2 more than 20 (very abundant). Intervessel pits scalariform. Vessel-ray pits reticulate and/or foraminate. Multiple perforatio Occasionally axial parenchyma absent or extremely rare, non visible with magnifying glass (8x). Occasionally apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Occasionally paratracheal 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Ray height more than 1 mm. Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Occasionally sheath cells. Occasionally body ray cells procumbent with mostly 2 to 4 rows of upright and/or square marginal cells (Kribs-II). Body ray cells procumbent wi Septate fibers present. Fibers very thick walled. Occasionally fibers with distinctly bordered pits. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.
The sapwood is pale brown, not sharply demarcated from the light brown heartwood, which turns red-brown on exposure.
The grain is usually straight.
The wood is typically fine in texture.
Quarter sawn faces are reportedly lustrous.
This species is not very durable when exposed to the weather, but fairly durable in salt water.
Silica Content: It contains 0.1% silica. Silica Value: 0.1
This timber can be impregnated fairly easily.
This species is easy to machine.
Wood of this species is easy to finish.
EXTERIOR GENERAL, poles, stakes posts, crossties, HOUSING GENERAL, beams, flooring, parquet, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, cabinets, TOOLS, tool handles